THE MEANING OF MONEY LAUNDERING IN BUSINESS LIFE AND THE PREVENTION OF IT

A. Türkössy

Money laundering is the process whereby the proceeds of crime are transformed into ostensibly legitimate money or other assets. The actuality of the subject derives from the Select Committee on the Evaluation of Anti Money Laundering Measures aided by the Financial Action Task Force. Money obtained from certain crimes, such as extortion, drug trafficking, illegal gambling and tax evasion trough off shore companies as "dirty". The reason of the Committee program is to give aides to those countries which wore not FATF members as money laundering is the most profit yielding business on the world with it’s 2800 milliard USD turnover. This organization controls Hungary by supervising the law and overall actions giving a so called Progress Report about the achievements. In aspect of criminal affairs Money laundering includes all activities which achieve to transform the origin of funds coming from criminal activity as well as tax evasion activity into a legalized form. Money laundering as a phenomenon became a global problem in the second half of the 20th century parallel to sudden increase of drug trafficking. In the past few decades money laundering and the chain of criminal activities as underlying offences got into the scope of the leading economic states. Those activities of money laundering maximally exploit the free movement of capital and financial services. In both the economy and political life there is a need for having laws and regulations against money laundering which rigorously regulate the different financial, bank supervisory activities. According to estimations in the nineties three hundred billion dollars were circulating annually across the world in order to be laundered. Nowadays this figure is well over thousand billion dollars.

Keywords: money laundering, financial action task, terrorist financing

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