BIOMASS POTENTIAL ASSESSMENT FOR LOCATING BIOREFINERY PLANT IN HUNGARY
N. Kohlheb, M. Belényesi, L. Podmaniczky, B. Sipos, K. Balázs
To find a suitable site for a 150,000 metric ton dry material per year (t dm/yr) input capacity biorefinery plant in Hungary is a challenging task. Not only biomass potentials have to be assessed, competing uses, sustainability aspects, public opinion and future threats to feedstock availability should be also taken into account. As a result of our calculations, currently there is enough feedstock available for the targeted input capacity to operate in an ecologically sustainable way. However, several factors may threaten the future of feedstock availability. In the long run enhanced price competition is anticipated for biomass among biorefinery, livestock keeping, timber industry and biomass based renewable energy production. The majority of stakeholders accept in general biorefinery as a promising solution for substituting fossil based plastics, still local interests give priority to a balanced agricultural production including higher shares of husbandry.
Keywords: bioenergy, biomass potentials, biorefinery plant, planning approaches, sustainability